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Election Observation Mission to Vanuatu | October 2012

Photo courtesy of Vivid Vanuatu Photography

Voters went to the polls on 30 October 2012 to elect members to the 10th Parliament of the Republic of Vanuatu. CDI was invited by the Australian High Commission to participate in an election observation mission arranged by a number of diplomatic missions with representation in Vanuatu. CDI Associate Dr Norm Kelly participated in the mission on our behalf.

Dr Kelly observed voting and counting in the multi-member Port Vila constituency. In his report he highlights two issues in the conduct of the election: the accuracy of the electoral roll and the use of proxy voting. Dr Kelly observed that:

  • inaccuracies in the roll, and mismatches between the roll and information contained on electoral identification cards, meant that a number of prospective voters were denied the opportunity to vote; and
  • the use of proxy voters (which is allowed under Vanuatu law) increases the risk of vote buying, denies a secret vote to those who nominate others to vote on their behalf, and causes processing delays for electoral officials.
Click on the link in the table below to access Dr Kelly’s full report which includes a number of recommendations in respect to these and related electoral issues. This report has been made available to the Vanuatu Elections Office through the Australian High Commission in Port Vila.

Also available below is the Republic of Vanuatu's official declaration of results and candidates elected. Headline figures for the election show that:

  • 346 candidates contested the election - 65 of whom were independents, with 32 political parties nominating the balance of 281candidates between them;
  • 17 of the 346 candidates were women;
  • The United Moderates Party nominated the most candidates, with 30, followed by the Vanu’aku Party with 28 and the People’s Progressive Party with 27;
  • 52 members were elected from 17 constituencies - with each constituency returning between 1and 7 MPs under a single non-transferrable vote electoral system.
CDI & Vanuatu





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The Australian National University

School of International, Political & Strategic Studies

The Centre for Democratic Institutions (CDI) supports the efforts of democracies in the Asia-Pacific region to strengthen their political systems. It provides training, technical assistance and peer support for parliamentarians, political party organisers and emerging leaders in Southeast Asia and the South Pacific, with a particular focus on Indonesia, Papua New Guinea, Solomon Islands, Vanuatu and Fiji. CDI sponsors research and publications on political change and democratic governance.

Established in 1998, CDI is funded by the Australian Government. The Centre is based in the College of Asia and the Pacific at the Australian National University (ANU) in Canberra.

© Centre for Democratic Institutions, The Australian National University. Please direct all comments to cdi@anu.edu.au. Last modified 28 August, 2014 CRICOSProvider Number: 00120C Web Counter



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